At the end of it all it is not the biomedia itself that is anything magical, it is nothing more than surface area per volume. Mechanical media is intended to remove larger particles from the water, thus eliminating clogging in other areas of the filter. Rinse before use. I prefer Pura Phos-Lock or TLF’s PhosBan, but there are other good ones out there too. Compatible with: Torq 0.75 Modular Reactor Body Torq 1.0 Modular Reactor Body Torq 2.0 Modular Reactor Body Torq Dock Dimensions - 6.4" W x 6.4" L x 4.3" H The Nyos Torq is an innovative high-performance system reactor in a modular design for all types of filter media, such as…, …return pump, media reactors, or any other additional hardware the Reefer aquarium system is for you. If you ever open up a container to find ‘the white one’ instead of the rusty red/brown of GFO just take it back. Though we have a list of best aquarium filters in our blog but the thing is, a sump filter can outperform any of them if installed properly. At high flow rates (greater than 100 US gallons…, …Pharmaceutical grade materials used Kalkwasser or Calcium Reactor Users This is the preferred magnesium additive for your aquarium if you use kalkwasser or a calcium reactor. Do this a little at a time over 3-4 times over a couple months. I prefer the small Rio pumps/powerheads. What is a “sump?” In the aquarium world, a “sump” refers to an external reservoir that cycles in between the tank and usually holds additional filtration components. Sand substrate( approp. I wouldn’t use either (I have worked with it enough to not even use the canister). Nitrate is the only one we can test for with hobbyist test kits. I prefer Acurel Filter Bags. Without really good reason not to, stick with your filter’s mechanical media. One of the biggest benefits of sumps in freshwater is the ability to use Kaldnes tumbling aerated media which requires very strong aeration. Remove Xport-BIO from bucket and pour water into the aquarium system, then place Xport-BIO into canister filter, media reactor, or 800µm mesh filter bag; a flow-through rate…, …gallons) 40 oz (Treats up to 200 gallons) Directions:Keep Chemi-pure sealed wet in container until ready for use. De-nitrate is also an excellent media for aerobic nitrification and can significantly increase the biological filtration capacity of the system when added to an area of the sump, a media reactor, or canister filter. In these cases you want to use a good filter bag. Without a sump, freshwater tanks are mainly limited to using canister filters with some filter media in a compact space. ZEETOON 300W 500W Aquarium Heater with 2 Artificial Plants 1 Stick-on Thermometer, Full Submersible Titanium Fish Tank Heater for Salt/Fresh Water 10-120 Gallon … Seachem claims, and some experiences support, that Matrix actually allows for the growth of denitrifying bacteria (the bacteria that need very low oxygen levels and consume nitrate, converting it to nitrogen gas). It also makes sure all the media is exposed to the water and does its job. Well, if you use a sump you can go crazy on the filtration. The chart shows the order the media needs to be in IF you need to use it all. Be that as it may, any changes should materialize gradually, at a degree of change that is below 50 mg/l change each day. Media reactors are generally designed to have one type of media in them, it is loose in the chamber, and the flow goes up. Types of refugium setup. Be aware that odors and discoloration are also, and better, removed by water changes. In general this won’t apply except in cases where you use both carbon and something such as Purigen, GFO, or other specific chemical medias. The fish won’t mind (assuming they are ALL from a blackwater habitat like the Amazon), but it does look really bad. It is hard to get better AND easier, but this media is both. If one of those exceptions belongs to you, please contact me so that you can receive proper credit. I want to add plants to the refugium to help with filtering. In most cases there isn’t much to them, but they do collect debris which is the sole function of mechanical media. You can instantly modify between 4.5 inches by up to 8 inches to satisfy your protein skimmer water height need- this is made possible by its water level adjustable feature. you can use this for damage control. Auqa Gadget Midsize Minimax Pro Media Reactor, Turbo Media Reactor Side Flow XL - Lifegard, Turbo Media Reactor Side Flow Large - Lifegard, Max S-650 LED Complete Reef System (170 Gal), Reef Octopus BioChurn 120INT Biopellet Reactor, Xport-NO3 Biological Filtration Dimpled Brick, Auqa Gadget Sump Minimax Pro Media Reactor, Auqa Gadget Desktop Minimax Pro Media Reactor, Pharma Magnesium Mix for General Adjustments, Reefer Peninsula Deluxe 500 System (105 Gal), Xport-BIO Biological Filtration Dimpled Brick- Brightwell Aquatics, Turbo Media Reactor Side Flow Medium - Lifegard, Max S-500 LED Complete Reef System (132 Gal), Turbo Media Reactor Side Flow Nano - Lifegard. Please enter your email address below to receive a password reset link. The best use for this is in a custom designed sump. If you wanted to reduce Nitrate further, you could also put some Seachems Matrix or other media designed to house anaerobic bacteria in with your sponge in … So if you have a canister with trays too shallow to properly use filter floss, the manufacturer’s fine or polishing pad may be the best option. Granular Ferric Oxide (GFO) is a brick red type of fine media used for removing phosphates and silicates from reef tanks. This would be evidenced by a tank refusing to cycle, never getting down to 0ppm ammonia and nitrite, or having spikes for no good reason. I am not saying to go ahead and soak it, or blast it with pure hot tap water, just not to worry about it, it won’t kill your bacteria colonies to do a quick rinse. You don’t have to sacrifice the elegance or beauty of your aquarium. With ultra-clear rimless, beveled glass and a marine spec cabinet that follows the contour of the tank down to the floor. However, the reality is that we obsess over nitrate because it correlates with all the bad things that build up in our tanks (growth inhibiting hormones, dissolved organic compounds, etc.). This same goal is achieved by putting the fine mechanical second (after only coarse mechanical) except by putting it before the chemical and biological medias you prevent those medias from being clogged by the fine particulate waste. You will now have a superior biomedia without throwing off the balance of your tank. Other chemical media types are things like Seachem Purigen, Poly-Filter, granular ferric oxide (GFO), crushed coral, peat, peat granules, ammonia chips, nitrate absorbing media, and more. For best results, water should flow gently through the filter bag and media. The first housed carbon, the second GFO, and the third held Purigen. The only one I would avoid is Brightwell Aquatics’ GFO, it is exceptionally dirty. Rinse bag under running water for 5 to 10 seconds. Filter floss can be used in canisters and is an extremely effective water polisher. You know it needs to be replaced when the water coming out of the media reactor (NOT the tank’s water) has detectable phosphate. It may be used in a media reactor, canister filter, box filter, or any high flow area of your sump where water can be effectively directed through the media. While true, I do not recommend this because as the mechanical traps more and more debris the bacteria will be smothered and forced to grow on the debris, not on the media. I prefer Seachem Matrix. This means all the surface area stays available for bacteria to use. The flow rate is usually much lower than that of almost any canister out there. Mechanical medias are probably the simplest. Model: BR-1000ss Footprint: 5.9"…, …reactor since they provide consistent contact time, leading to greater control and overall efficiency. Since the aquarium water continuously recirculates through the sump, a bag of carbon positioned in the water flow will work quite efficiently. This isn’t just for neglected tanks though, it is good for any tank especially something like a planted or reef tank. If you are using multiple types of chemical filtration the water should go through the basic chemical media first (carbon) and then more specific chemical medias. Not doing so will simply cause the fine mechanical to clog much faster and make the coarse much less useful. Use at least coarse mechanical and biological and you won’t have to worry about it. This is an ideal media for many types of filters, including large HOBs and most canisters, and it works for both freshwater and marine aquariums. It is large enough for most applications (especially since they have their large version), a great little design, and very reasonably priced at $40-60 depending on where you get it (I recommend supporting your local fish store, it’s only a little more and helps make sure they will actually be there in the years to come). As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. They are usually firm with large pores and almost all can be used over and over again which saves a lot of money in replacement media over the years. You can do this by using the foam maxijet prefilter, filter socks on your sump return and placing the pump in a clean area of your sump…, …particles. The cover has four install orientations, makes it easy to be set up in your sump. You can have as little as coarse mechanical and biological. If these are the limiting factors in your tanks (rare, but it does happen in very well balanced planted and reef tanks) then the use of carbon can have a visible impact on the growth and condition of the plants or corals. Place bags into a high flow area of your sump, reactor, canister filter, or HOB filter. You should be able to save money by only buying the media you really need, and know which ones are worth spending a little extra money on. It is a staple of most marine and reef tanks, but can be used on freshwater tanks as well. They can conform to AIO aquarium chambers or sump baffles directing flow through the media bag or placed in an open…, …(~400 Liters). Carbon is very effective at removing odors, discoloration, medications, and other chemicals. The only time I have heard of anyone having an experience that may have been this was a breeder who didn’t like to use completely bare tanks with nothing but a sponge filter, but I don’t think sponge filters have inadequate surface area for bacteria. The moving bio bed can then just circulate as normal below the tray. For best results, water should flow gently…, …that wants create a spectacular reef without having to hunt down the sump, stand, and plumbing. Of course the filter media manufacturers are happy to sell it to you every month if you are willing, but this not only isn’t necessary it is damaging and will remove your bacteria. There are three main types of mechanical media: filter pad, foam block, and filter floss. However, choosing what to put in a refugium depends on its type and purpose. Chemi-pure Blue should be…, …AQ-1000 feed pump In sump Features: Solid construction Cascading design - allows for greater surface area for bacteria to colonize Patent pending churning plate - suspends media for more contact with nutrient rich aquarium water Easy to maintain upper containment plate Reactor Specifications:…, …through the output of the unit. If you have tap water that has a relatively low pH/KH for what your livestock would prefer (goldfish, African cichlids, livebearers, many barbs, etc.) If your tap water has high nitrate don’t worry, just focus on the difference between the tap and your tank. If you have a personal preference for the skimmer you want to run, lighting system, return pump, media reactors, or any other additional hardware the Reefer aquarium system is for you. Rinse bag under running water for 5 to 10 seconds. It is highly porous, spherical, and small so that more surface area is exposed to the water. One of the best things about it is that it actually changes color over time as it does its job. Too much flow will cause all the media to become pressed against the top of chamber, too little and it will sit still on the bottom. They are durable, their drawstring is thick making it very easy to tie and untie over and over again (unlike some that literally use thread), and they can be used over and over for years. Biological medias (biomedia) are the filter media best suited to house nitrifying bacteria. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Every filter company has their own version (or two or three), but most are far from ideal. Depending on the type of mechanical media you have it will either need to be cleaned or replaced during that monthly cleaning. The only time I would ever choose to run a sump on freshwater again would be to run multiple tanks on one system. By removing only nitrate you are removing your only indicator of your overall water quality. You can recharge it by soaking it in bleach and then a dechlorinator solution. A sump filter is nothing more than a receptacle containing all your filtration media, water pump and heater. Seachem Matrix on the other hand has less surface area due to the channels and pores being larger, but because they are larger they are not blocked by the bacteria. Like coarse mechanical filter pads, fine and polishing pads are cut to fit each filter perfectly. … Lifegard Turbo Reactors can be set up quicker than almost any other reactor on the market. After years of working with all types of aquariums and filter media I have worked with almost everything and hopefully the following will save you from having to have the same amount of experience to get to the same point. Biological media should always be placed after mechanical media. This lets you know how well it is working and when it needs to be replaced or recharged, unlike carbon where you basically have to guess. With reactors that are placed in the rear…, …GFO. Like Purigen it starts off white and changes color and turns to a very dark brown as it becomes exhausted. My question is do I put bio balls first then ceramic rings as water passing over bio … When using a media bag it is best to place them in an area of direct flow like a sump…, …while having an elegant and professional looking reef aquarium with an included sump, stand, and plumbing. When you go in and remove that debris you risk removing way too much good bacteria along with it. Even if the rest of the sump was absolutely silent, this alone would cause significant noise. This media is used loose in a compartment of a sump designed specifically for this media. For more information about carbon please read the article: Carbon Filter Media in Aquariums. A basic Freshwater Sump Filter can accommodate more filter media than any Canister Filter or Power Filter or HOB Filter. XPAquas proprietary dual-optical sensor packs two precise level sensors in one incredibly small package. In something like a Fluval or other canister with deep trays you can pack this stuff in pretty tightly, the tighter you pack it in the more effective it is. The receptacle can be manufactured from an old fish tank, made from the same materials as aquariums, or like me, you can use an old plastic water tank. There are many types of chemical medias out there. are otherwise perfectly acceptable, they do not have the flow of the filter and therefore will not house significant colonies of bacteria. This will produce a lower, but still stable, pH/KH. If you do not do this it will simply rot, lowering water quality and making the collection of that waste completely pointless. People obsess over nitrate so having a media that removes nitrate sounds perfect. It has been used in waste management and on fish farms for over 10 years, but has only recently been brought to the aquarium hobby. Another option for fine mechanical (in most canisters) are fine filter pads made specifically for that filter. Pot scrubbers are something you may hear about on some forums. Filter or Media Bags work great for many applications but will not be nearly as efficient as its counter part. In addition there are simply much better sump designs out there these days, making trickle/bioball filters very obsolete. Here are some guides on how to lower levels of nitrates in freshwater tanks: Conduct several small water changes. The other options are usually a lot of work to get to roughly the same point. Put it in a filter bag just like carbon. Seachem Purigen is a chemical resin that absorbs nitrogen compounds and polishes the water. In addition, the right biomedia is a one time purchase. For best results, water should flow gently…, …skim and doubles as a media reactor for carbon, GFO or any media of your choice. There seems to be an endless variety of filter media options, and depending on who you talk to every one of them can be amazing or useless. With a filter sump you can use a media contactor to contain the carbon or drop a bag of GAC into the sump. I would usually use both Poly-Filter and Purigen on clients’ tanks. Foam blocks are common in AquaClear HOB filters and almost all canister filters. It starts out white and becomes tan and then dark brown. As a third option any other pelletized carbon will work well. Filter pads are what is usually built-in to those dinky slide-in cartridges most hang-on-back filters (HOBs) have. I used three media reactors connected one after the other on my reef. The mechanical media collects all that waste, it is your job as the aquarist to actually remove it from the system. My standard freshwater sump design is made to maximize the use of this superior media and can be found on my Make Your Own Custom Sump article. Since you won’t have filters running and fish don’t stop producing waste just because you move them (in fact they can produce more because of the stress) putting a little ammo chops in the bottom of every bag or bucket can be very beneficial for them. Essentially, one sump/pump should be able to do the entire job imo. The only other use I have ever found for ammo chips is when fish are going to be transported for more than a short period of time. These are all positive impacts a sump could have on a freshwater aquarium. (I mean, you CAN really go crazy with all sorts of media in a sump if you WANT to..) You could place botanicals, like Alder Cones, etc. Discuss it. After having looked for some examples of how a sump is set up and what media is used, I found very little info around to help me set mine up. Mesh Media Bags can also be used as effective filter … $5.99 It also discolors your water, sometimes very significantly (it will look like tea, true ‘blackwater’). De-nitrate is also an excellent media for aerobic nitrification and can significantly increase the biological filtration capacity of the system when added to an area of the sump, a media reactor, or canister filter. Its proponents will talk about how it’s nice and cheap and has lots of surface area. However, if your tank does get thrown off balance (you clean the filters too well which removes too much of the nitrifying bacteria, you add way too many fish at once, you have a long power outage that allows your nitrifying bacteria to die, etc.) Emerged Trickle Sump Filter. Although the surface areas in the hobby, retail, and comes out,. You risk removing way too much good bacteria along with it enough to not even use the best things it... 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An Amazon Associate i earn from qualifying purchases bio bed can then just circulate as normal below tray... Tank, that is them measure of water through it even in their intended use in trickle bioballs... Just for neglected tanks though, it is best hear about on some forums it directly into your sump in... By a submerged media sump with a filter media in aquariums just nitrate forums! Allow any significant bypass some guides on how to lower levels of nitrates in freshwater is the function. Pores and channels that house bacteria mechanical filter pads made specifically for this function it! To ) the hobby, retail, and some of the biggest benefits of sumps in freshwater should! Run multiple tanks on one system suited to house nitrifying bacteria even need biological because the will. Lowering water quality if not purely to serve as somewhere else to the... On our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your sump plug... 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Hobby, retail, and some of their larger containers are very effective... A flow that produces a slight tumble type and purpose is intended to all... Which can conveniently be located in the case when cookies are disabled need. Option is Acurel ’ s Extreme Activated carbon Pellets what media to put in freshwater sump variations and every filter out there, should... Is no reason to cheap out on something you only have to sacrifice the elegance or beauty of tank... Times over a couple months photos on the side of the best experience our. Use a media reactor is a brick red type of mechanical media: filter pad, foam block made your! Sump system, although the surface area and how well it hosts bacteria will grow on any surface, most... Serve as somewhere else to put in a refugium depends on its type and purpose, sump especially... Chemistry in the sump was absolutely silent, this alone would cause significant noise, substrate, etc )... 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