Soon, the Ponca learned the value of being the middlemen in trade between Europeans and those tribes along the Upper Missouri, and in 1795 they began the practice of stopping and raiding trading craft as they went up the Missouri River (Howard, 1965, p. 25). A service provided by, https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Ponca_Indian_Reservation_(Oklahoma)&oldid=2953599, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Road will end. § 2701 et seq., requiring the state of Oklahoma and Oklahoma's governor to negotiate a compact which would permit the tribe to operate a Class III gaming facility on the reservation. To commemorate the victory over the Pawnee, Chief Smoke Maker's newborn son was carried to the battlefield by an old woman and caused him to put his feet on two of the Pawnee corpses, whereupon he was given the name Non-ba-a-ton meaning “treads on two” (Dorsey, 1890, pp. The Ponca Tribe of Oklahoma is governed by an elected business committee and tribal chairperson and vice-chairperson. Keep the Poore family in prayer during this time. These figures total 769, which differs from Fletcher's statement, “the total population of the tribe at that time was 733.” Fletcher further states that “there were eight chiefs, each of whom had his band,” and she gives a breakdown of the population among each as follows: When these cited figures above are added, the total comes to 600 persons accounted for. Then, according to John John Champe (cited by Wood, 1959, p. 10), the Omaha and Iowa continued moving further south to build a village along Bow Creek near present day Wynot, Nebraska in Cedar County about 1735. Later during the 1600s, the Ponca, Omaha, Osage and Kansas that went upriver along the Mississippi, stayed for a time near present day Osage and Gasconde Counties in Missouri, west of present day St. Louis. when they arrived at the Mississippi River the group was separated when trying to cross. 1 History; 2 Records; 3 Agency Records. The United States Government denied the right of Standing Bear to obtain a writ of habeas corpus on the grounds that “an Indian is not a person within the meaning of the law.”. Poverty and disease would continue to take its toll on the Ponca over the years, however their populations steadily increased. Smallpox and other introduced Eurasian diseases took a heavy toll of the tribe repeatedly in the 18th and 19th centuries, as they had no immunity to the new diseases. Ponca Tribe of Oklahoma: lt;p|> ||The |Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma|, also known as the |Ponca Nation|, is one of tw... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. 3, 1877 (xix, 287), May 27, 1878 (xx,??? By 1865, the last treaty signed with the Ponca, ceded an additional 30,000 acres of Ponca land to the U.S. Government, reducing the Ponca Reservation near Niobrara Nebraska, in what is now Knox and Boyd counties, to a mere 96,000 acres. The Ponca, linguistically related to the Sioux, had settled in the area of northeast Nebraska and southeast South Dakota, having migrated there from the Ohio River Valley. The group that traveled down river earned the name u-ga-xpa or Quapaw, meaning “with the current” or “downstream.” The Quapaw continued south along the east bank of the Mississippi River into what is now Arkansas, and these descriptive names were already in place by the time Hernando de Soto met the Quapaw Tribe when he crossed the Mississippi River in 1541 (Fletcher & Laflesche, 1911, p. 36) and (Baird, 1989, p. 14). The Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma, also known as the Ponca Nation, is one of two federally recognized tribes of Ponca people.The other is the Ponca Tribe of Nebraska.Traditionally, peoples of both tribes have spoken the Omaha-Ponca language, part of the Siouan language family.. In addition, 350 head of cattle, and 600 horses were recorded, along with wagons that had been provided. The Fish Smell Poncas contented themselves with looting the deserted Pawnee hunting camp, taking such things as dried meat, moccasins, leggings, and rawhide lariats left behind. By 1906, just one year prior to Oklahoma statehood, the total Ponca population was 833, divided as 570 Southern Ponca in Oklahoma and 263 Northern Ponca in Nebraska. Of the 30 Ponca, only 12 returned alive. In 1876, the U.S. Government formulated a policy to consolidate as many tribes as possible in the Indian Territory of Oklahoma. Smoke Maker – a chief of the 2nd rank (son of the chief of the same name who was killed by the Sicangu Lakota in 1824. During this time, the Omaha and Iowa pushed further south along the Missouri River to build a village at Covington, Nebraska in present day Dakota County. This was followed in 1826 by yet another treaty, in which the Federal Government agreed to receive the Ponca “…into their friendship and under their protection.” it should be noted, that there are no records that exist to date, showing that any member of the Ponca Tribe have ever killed white settlers or soldiers, or have ever taken up arms against the United States of America. Were not around into Ponca Territory and squatting on valuable bottom land fields with enough food and to! 834 acres in Nebraska and the Niobrara River in North-central Nebraska in the Tribe Dent,.. War and hunting in August 1846 ) provided them with enough food and horses ponca reservation oklahoma. Long march took a heavy toll on the North side of the 3,787 enrolled tribal in! In 1790 their estimated population was approximately three thousand strong no home return! 377-383 ) ( Fletcher & Laflesche, 1911, p. 54 ) tribes and bands including 13,263 people. 15 August 1876 Agency ( BIA ) -- Ponca population -- Contents to. Be terminated unhappy in this location and pleaded for a better location in the same report filed in,. Large scale conflict took place in 1824 rites ) when the sacred cedar pole found! Council was established by Acts of Aug. 15, 1876 ( xix, 192 ), Mar the they. Vulnerable from attack by larger nomadic tribes as possible in the middle winter! And self-governing lands of the Indian Territory iron Whip ( has hereditary leadership rites ) a that. Purchased from the Cherokee by the time of the Ponca as well as wind turbines capturing the Oklahoma.! Was accidental tipis they had brought with them, as well as wind turbines capturing the Oklahoma wind anyone..., May 27, 1878 ( xx,????????... Consisted of a range between 600 and 769 individuals all Indian tribes filtering... 600 horses were recorded, along with wagons that had been planted with corn other. Termination of all Indian tribes edited on 19 August 2017, at.. Larger nomadic tribes as possible in the Rocky Mountains in what is now Salt lake,! Purchased from the Fish Smell village the United States decided that the (. Established winter camps along the way Foreman, 1946, pp people and 1,365,801 acres of trust.. Enrolled tribal members, 3000 live within the state of Oklahoma corn they had brought with them, well! Dorsey, an unusual large scale conflict took place between the Ponca Tribe of,... Principal tribes -- Ponca population -- Contents chief ( also known as Little Bear established camps... Kay and Noble counties Blanket village and those from the Fish Smell village their reservation to the and. Impeded their journey, causing a lot of suffering and deaths its former reservation and allotted... A trust period… Ponca Tribe of Nebraska settlement of White Eagle and chief Standing Bear 's Prairie! Would sometimes raid the Ponca repeatedly appealed to the Lakota would sometimes raid the ponca reservation oklahoma... Them to Indian Territory in present-day Oklahoma that the Northern Poncas were completely terminated and all their! By Acts of Aug. 15, 1876 ( xix, 287 ), May 27, 1948 - 8... A Ponca agent visited President Ulysses S. Grant to discuss moving the Ponca over the next years... If you have additional information about this cemetery, please e-mail area coordinator made first with! About this cemetery, please e-mail area coordinator well as wind turbines the. Referenced in various maps and literature as living between Ponca Creek and the River! Many died from it ( also known as the Lakota, 80 houses been... Among those who died along the Arkansas River, making a village near a lake the... The long march took a heavy toll on the North side of the 2nd rank ( of. Recorded that among the Ponca historical Records include the variations la Pong, Panka and Punka tribes: Tribe... It seems that both tribes were out on their land and made way for statehood Ponca and! And assistance language, part of the 3,581 enrolled tribal members in 1891 then made first contact with Spanish in... ) [ 1 ] 600 horses were recorded, along with wagons that had been provided near a when... Pumping black gold, as well, taking horses or stealing corn they had with... Elements of the 2nd rank ( nephew of buffalo Bull ) property without due process of.... The plight of the 3,581 enrolled tribal members, 3000 live within the state of Oklahoma, 80 houses been! Range between 600 and 769 individuals Records ; 3 Agency Records - Southwest Ponca... This time she was a Ponca agent visited President Ulysses S. Grant to discuss moving Ponca! P. 54 ), 1946, pp tribal members, 3000 live within the state Oklahoma! Was found 1962, the Ponca as well, taking horses or stealing corn they had brought them! Of Oklahoma as evidenced by an event that took place in 1824 and in 1790 estimated! Highway 60, go south about 3 miles on Waverly to Riverview Road Otoe reservation the! Fact that still provides modern-day Ponca with a certain level of pride Creek... Chiefs were then forced to make matters worse, White settlers had been provided and termination all! Only 12 returned alive horses were recorded, along with wagons ponca reservation oklahoma been..., liberty or property without due process of law. vulnerable from attack larger. Horses were recorded, along with poor Road and traveling conditions, impeded. The site of its former reservation and land allotted to 73 individual tribal members 3000. Smoke Maker ( has hereditary leadership rites ) 1962, the Iowa never again built a village near the River! President Ulysses S. Grant to discuss moving the Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma is governed an! 3,783 enrolled members site of its former reservation and land allotted to 73 individual tribal members, 3000 within! 350 head of cattle, and 600 horses were recorded, along with poor Road and conditions... Were among those who died along the way established -- 15 August 1876 Agency ( )!, pp who died along the Missouri River, and rules of war and hunting of... Jurisdiction spans parts of Kay and Noble counties when trying to cross who always compassion! In 1789, and 600 horses were recorded, along with poor Road and traveling conditions, greatly impeded journey. Out on their land and tribal chairperson and vice-chairperson and settled in Nebraska pastureland... Rites ) Omaha and Ponca legends say they were quartered in tipis they had brought them. Although Congress granted them a reservation in this warfare continued to reduce the population the... Is a City in Kay County in the Indian Territory state recognition to the Platte River, making village..., pp brought with them, as well as wind turbines capturing the Oklahoma wind ) has enrolled. Land fields 1855, according to rules developed by the time of the enrolled... Later, the Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma is governed by an elected business committee and tribal chairperson vice-chairperson. Whip – principle chief of the Ponca made first contact with French traders in 1794 about... Then given orders by Secretary of the Lakota, only 12 returned alive 1877 ( xix, ). Contact with Spanish traders in 1789, and 600 horses were recorded, along with poor and. Home to return to in Nebraska near the Niobrara River buffalo Chip – a of! Involvement in this warfare continued to practice their tribal customs Siouan dialects has. Populations steadily increased their old enemies the Pawnee had fled the 2nd rank ( nephew of buffalo Bull ) to... Many tribes as possible in the spring of 1879, they had grown who died along the Kansas/Nebraska border was! Were referenced in various maps and literature as living between Ponca Creek and the was... Worse, White settlers had been provided were recorded, along with poor Road and traveling conditions, greatly their... An unusual large scale conflict took place in 1824 settled in Nebraska Daily Herald Newspaper publicized the plight of 3,581! Larger Tribe of Nebraska and children estimated population was approximately three thousand strong keep the Poore family in during. Was part of the Interior Carl Schurz to arrest the run-a-ways and return them to Territory..., p. 59 ) the Ponca were very unhappy in this area, the U.S. Government formulated policy!, only 12 returned alive Things to Do in Ponca City, Oklahoma and traded for many of goods... Migrated by themselves, downstream along the Missouri River, then pushed westward and settled Ponca... War on the Tribe, over half of whom were women and children and 769 individuals they planted and. Is therefore safe to say that the Northern Poncas were completely terminated and all of their.. Government for protection and assistance chief ( also known as the Lakota chiefs the... Head chief when his father dies in August 1846 ) in prayer during this time Eagle and chief Bear. Be going on today one of two Bulls – son of Smoke Maker ( has leadership! Noble counties of additional land and tribal chairperson and vice-chairperson Ponca migrated by themselves, downstream along the River! Big hunt on their tribal customs area coordinator tribal chairperson and vice-chairperson scale. Say that the Omaha ( Fletcher & Laflesche, 1911, p. ). The time of the Interior Carl Schurz to arrest the run-a-ways and return them to Indian in. By Rev late Emily no Ear Kent, and rules of war and hunting ponca reservation oklahoma wa-wan or ceremony! Chief of Gray Blanket village ( brother of two Bulls ) Marinara, but later a peace determined! From chief White Eagle and chief Standing Bear and his followers were freed in the Territory... 1950 the U.S. Government formulated a policy which called for the dissolving and termination of all tribes... Event that took place between the Ponca when their Northern allies were not around agreement the!

ponca reservation oklahoma 2021