b. Universalizing comparison ‘aims to establish that every instance of a phenomenon follows essentially the same rule’ (1984, p. 82). Synthetic Control Methods for Comparative Case Studies A. There is no one definition of case study research.1However, very simply… ‘a case study can be defined as an intensive study about a person, a group of people or a unit, which is aimed to generalize over several units’.1A case study has also been described as an inten- sive, systematic investigation of a single individual, group, … Substantively, this can include questions relating to political institutions, political behavior, conflict, and the causes and consequences of economic development. The result has been an intellectual cross-fertilization of great benefit to the comparative method. When is a Case Study Appropriate? %PDF-1.3 II. Innovations in the Comparative Method Innovations in the comparative method can be discussed in terms of the issues introduced above, encom- This is mostly due to the inclusion of iterations between propositions, evidence collection and synthesis. <> Keywords: Qualitative Research, Case Study Methods, Epistemological Foundations. the comparative method and its implications for a ‘proper’ research design. Comparative politics is a field in political science characterized either by the use of the comparative method or other empirical methods to explore politics within (as opposed to between) countries. Potentials and Limitations of Comparative Method in Social Science Reza Azarian Stockholm University Sweden Email: reza.azarian@sociology.su.se Abstract Comparison is a common research method with outstanding merits and with widespread application. The importance exerted by context is one of the primary reasons for selecting a case study approach to research. Given the expansive literature and limited space, I focus on comparative and case study Dialog essay example spm, how do you use et al in a research paper example marketing case study on coca cola, my hobbies cricket essay Comparative case study methodology pdf, essay writing homeschool prokaryotic cells essay question american literature short essays how to count how many words are in your essay tips for aca case study. (2010), address these shortcomings by proposing . %�쏢 Case study research has a long history within the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities, dating back to the early 1920's. case study that lead to a vast array of techniques and strategies, out of which they can come up with a combined perspective which best serves their research purpose. There are significant ethical implications in the adoption of technologies and the production and use of the resulting data for evidence generation. Case study methodology is widely used across multiple disciplines and fields. see cases in-depth. Case study is one of the most frequently used qualitative research methodologies. methods, namely the Millian comparative methods, I demonstrate that thanks to their two methodologies, namely concept formation and causal inference, they allow research to progress according to epistemological rules, namely the ones provided by the research program. No.8, Quasi-experimental Design and Methods), comparative case studies are time and resource-intensive. The present study is undertaken with the purpose of establishing benchmark on the classroom process in different contexts of primary education in Kerala. Comparative case studies involve the analysis and synthesis of the similarities, differences and patterns across two or more cases that share a common focus or goal in a way that produces knowledge that is easier to generalize about causal questions – how and why particular programmes or policies work or fail to work. The steps when using case study methodology are the same as for other types of research.6 The first step is defining the single case or identifying a group of similar cases that can then be incorporated into a multiple-case study. energy, and financial the sive analysis of a taw cases may be more promising than tha superficial statistical analysis Of many cases"Cijphan, p_ Weak capacity to sort out rival explanations, specifically, the prob lem Ot "many vari- ables. Comparative Case Study 371 numerous writings on the case study and comparative case study methods. Case Study Research: Design and Methods.Thousand Oakds: Sage Publications. By starting from two methods, namely the Millian comparative methods, I demonstrate that thanks to … In common parlance, context is often used to indicate the physical setting of people’s actions. A comparative study Johanna Gustafsson Academy of Business, Engineering and Science Halmstad University Halmstad, Sweden ... qualitative case study methodologies are formed by study design, epitome and selection of methods. a systematic way to choose comparison units in comparative case studies. Comparative Studies students are encouraged to develop their critical and analytical skills and to become Une théorie du changement explique comment les activités sont censées produire un ensemble de résultats qui contribuent à la réalisation des impacts finaux prévus. Get involved, speak out, volunteer, or become a donor and give every child a fair chance to succeed. La présente note aborde spécifiquement leur utilisation dans les évaluations d’impact (études qui fournissent des informations sur les effets à long terme d’une intervention ; voir la Note n° 1, Présentation de l’évaluation d’impact), bien que ces critères puissent être utilisés dans différents types d’évaluation. The common view that good case study research lacks a method is unwarranted.2 On the assumption that greater dialogue across research communities is facilitated by greater familiarity, I summarize some important developments in qualitative methodology. Hantrais 2009:5-9; Pennings et al.1999: 21-26). This systematization opens the door to precise quantitative inference in small-sample comparative studies, without precluding the application of qualitative approaches. First, in comparative case studies there is typically some degree of ambiguity about how comparison units are chosen. Qualitative Case Study Methodology: Study Design and Implementation for Novice Researchers Pamela Baxter McMaster University, baxterp@mcmaster.ca Susan Jack McMaster University, jacksm@mcmaster.ca Follow this and additional works at: https://nsuworks.nova.edu/tqr Part of the Quantitative, Qualitative, Comparative, and Historical Methodologies Commons, and the Social … 5 0 obj Comparing the Case Study with Other Methodologies. QCA is a methodology that enables the analysis of multiple cases in complex situations, and can help explain why change A comparative case study is a research approach to formulate or assess generalizations that extend across multiple cases. Hence while ethical issues pertaining to evidence generation involving children in emergencies and humanitarian contexts are relevant and should be considered, there are factors that define this ‘special case’ that must be considered from the outset. KEY WORDS: case study, comparative method, research design. Many comparative methodology texts present at least a brief discussion of this issue (e.g. This paper identifies key ethical considerations when undertaking evidence generation involving children during the mitigation stage of the pandemic (emergency phase), on subject matter relating to COVID-19 once the pandemic has been contained, and once containment policy measures, including lockdowns, have been lifted (post-emergency phase). What … The response to the pandemic has seen an unprecedented rapid scaling up of technologies to support digital contact tracing and surveillance.This working paper explores the implications for privacy as the linking of datasets: increases the likelihood that children will be identifiable; increases the opportunity for (sensitive) data profiling; and frequently involves making data available to a broader set of users or data managers. Deviant case studies Comparative Method Defined as: Syste- matic anaS'SiS of small number Of caws analysis) Merit: "Given inevit- able scarcity Of time. Synthetic Control Methods for Comparative Case Studies A. Knight, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001. Community of Practice. 9. [ݸ0����ӂ]����'c�y�[��g���d�$�/���86XY!�Y5ڵ�=�[ZڨX$���Q���7�^Md��.#pW[�&& ���u`�����*��@G��E2L��E-�[�.j ��w�����{ D Gn��q��hr������{�����W� NB��G+���U�@$���D��GYx�7Ȋ�+V�1"���HC�&d�KP�3�G��T�0uio|�莁��!�'��I��"�������5>Rs�(S��4ه��Q��rQet�eu�cȰ�T�M6HΦ� k�҂1)�d� �ۘoL��xD�G��:�SWuFA���^��Ԛ���>�����0%�k(�C�5�Y�^c�ޑ�W乬�џ���U��S{M�Q$Rn��n=�;�h�����f�@��6�H����C��� �� �tl��x��|Ǹ��2 ��Z�f�Z�= �. Comparative Case Studies Lesley Bartlett and Fran Vavrus Case study methodology is widely used across multiple disciplines and fields. C.G. Case Study Methods in the International Relations Subfield Andrew Bennett Georgetown University, Washington, D.C. Colin Elman Arizona State University, Tempe This article reviews the key role that case study methods have played in the study of international relations (IR) in the United States. McMaster University, West Hamilton, Ontario, Canada . the experimental, statistical, and case-study methods. But what is a case, and what is a case study? Comparative research methodology : Cross-cultural studies RICHARD W. BRISLIN Culture Learning Institute, East- West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii Cross-cultural research can make contributions to theory development by identifying groups of people who seem not to behave according to established theories and by increasing the range of independent variables available for study in any one culture. For case studies to contribute to cumulative development of knowledge and theory they must all explore the same phenomenon, pursue the same research goal, adopt equivalent research strategies, Applying comparative case study methodology, the researchers examine, compare and contrast a relatively small number of cases, and determine the significant features of the phenomenon. The aim of this article is to discuss systematically some of the methodological strategies of using this mode of research in social science. When using social media to directly engage children and their communities, or when establishing partnerships with these organizations for data collection and analysis, adoption of these technologies and their resultant data should not be exclusively driven by short-term necessity but also by the long-term needs of our younger partners. Please help us to serve your needs better while your PDF downloads: Methodological Briefs - Impact Evaluation No. 2017. The Comparative Method (see Linguistics: Comparative Method), with its concentration on regular, repeated correspondences and its incorporation, at least for many practitioners, of reconstruction as a test of the family groups proposed, has been challenged by Greenberg's much simpler method of multilateral comparison, based on straightforward surface inspection of word-lists from many … Qualitative case study methodology provides tools for researchers to study complex phenomena within their contexts. Comparative politics describes the real world and, building on these descriptions, establishes classifications and typologies. Comparative case studies usually utilize both qualitative and quantitative methods. Many comparative methodology texts present at least a brief discussion of this issue (e.g. Abstract. While the COVID-19 pandemic is undoubtedly a global crisis, with evidence generation activities raising critical ethical issues that have been captured in the literature and relevant guidelines, there are specificities relating to this emergency that must be considered when unpacking potential ethical issues. Case studies … General and child-specific ethical issues, Digital Contact Tracing and Surveillance During COVID-19: General and child-specific ethical issues, Ethical Considerations for Evidence Generation Involving Children on the COVID-19 Pandemic, Ethical Considerations When Using Social Media for Evidence Generation. Usual tools of such studies are observation, in depth interviews of teachers, non-obtrusive measures, records and documents etc. Author: Biljana, Rating: 3/5 based on 2 reviews, Price: $5/page. The four varieties of comparative analysis: the case of environmental regulation Paper for Conference on Small and large-N comparative solutions, University of Sussex, 22-23 September 2005 ... For example if a study includes three cases which have values 15, 18, 21 on some variable, then one might be inclined to Case Study Methods in the International Relations Subfield Andrew Bennett Georgetown University, Washington, D.C. Colin Elman Arizona State University, Tempe This article reviews the key role that case study methods have played in the study of international relations (IR) in the United States. Comparative case study research design. 1.4 Research Methodology A case study methodology has been adopted to investigate a number of companies in the area of Lean implementation. Comparative case studies involve the analysis and synthesis of the similarities, differences and patterns across two or more cases that share a common focus or goal in a way that produces knowledge that is easier to generalize about causal questions – how and why particular programmes or policies work or fail to work. The comparative case study examines in rich detail the context and features of two or more instances of specific phenomena. The central argument will be that a coherent framework of theoretical references and a corresponding logic of inquiry are required. A search to determine what is known about the case(s) is typically conducted. p���#Qܘ�؂�)+b�Qj�>�ջ_����|�N}�l�Rp>�X�Z(߸r�M��q! This paper reports on the research design and methods used to investigate the interactions of organisational culture, defined as encompassing layers of national, occupational and corporate culture, with information and its management. ‘core subject’ that enables us to study the relationship between ‘politics and society’ in a CONTENTS 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Comparative Research and case selection 2.3 The Use of Comparative analysis in political science: relating politics, polity and policy to society 2.4 End matter - … These will inform the core ethical considerations that need to be addressed. Synthetic control methods, introduced byAbadie and Gardeazabal(2003) andAbadie et al. In an influential article on comparative politics, Lijphart (1971:682) situated the comparative method as a basic method in its own right, alongside the experimental, statistical and case study methods. Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) offers a new, systematic way of studying configurations of cases. Crucial Case: Classic examples of a concept, or most/least likely cases. The research design for this study is a descriptive and interpretive case study that is analysed through qualitative methods. Their purpose is to understand how the phenomenon varies under different circumstances. Case study research has a long history within the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities, dating back to the early 1920's. ‘Case’ is often used in an obfuscating sense and may be defined as place, as institution, as study participants, as unit of analysis, as concept, or even as variable (Ragin 1992). methods. 4 A comparative study of methodological approaches to reviewing literature — methodological perspectives (e .g . Comparative analysis needs to be distinguished from the juxtaposition of descriptions of a series of cases. Comparative case studies involve the analysis and synthesis of the similarities, differences, and patterns across two or more cases that share a common focus or goal. His principle motive is to relate the aforementioned method to statistical, experimental and case study approaches. Lately, it has increasingly been applied within monitoring and evaluation (M&E). QCA is used in comparative research and when using case-study research methods. take place at an aggregate level, comparative case study re-search has broad potential. Case III. Qualitative Case Study Methodology: Study Design and Implementation for Novice Researchers . http://www.nova.edu/ssss/QR/QR13-4/baxter.pdf . Comparative case studies usually utilize both qualitative and quantitative methods and are particularly useful for understanding how the context influences the success of an intervention and how better to tailor the intervention to the specific context to achieve the intended outcomes. 2 Case refers to the unit of analysis or topic chosen for study (i.e., the individual, organization, or program). the desire to pursue a particular methodology) — conditions set by the commissioning body (e .g . Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methods in Comparative Studies. Case study is a research methodology, typically seen in social and life sciences. In comparing variables, the statistical and mathematical data collection, and analysis that quantitative research methodology naturally uses to uncover the correlational connection of the variables, can be essential. However, he notes that the comparative method is considered weaker as compared to statistical method: “The comparative method resembles the statistical method in … Elle peut être élaborée pour tous les niveaux d’intervention : événement, projet, programme, politique, stratégie ou organisation. Because Academic Disciplines. Following this, comparative case studies are a systematic comparison of two or more data points ("cases") obtained through the use of the case study method (Kaarbo & … However, comparative case study research is limited in the social sciences by two problems that affect its empirical implementation. stream First of all, it contextualises comparative case study research into a broader discussion on the philosophy of science. Type Articles. Goodrick, Delwyn (2014). At first it was a usefu One goal of comparative case study is to avoid the silos of binding and holding constant certain factors, instead this methodology acknowledges … Thus, what follows is a discussion of how traditional research design issues play out in the comparative case study method.Step 1: Identify Specific Research Question for Focused ComparisonThe first step in comparative case study research, just as for any other method, is … It is argued that the case study method is closely related to the comparative method. Hantrais 2009:5-9; Pennings et al.1999: 21-26). Comparative case studies often incorporate both qualitative and quantitative data. Questionnaires were used to evaluate participants’ WebCT skills (before the course starts) and to determine their levels of satisfaction in the course (at the end of the case study). 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